Dear Dr. Cory:
Why do we need vitamins?
We need vitamins to grow and to stay healthy. The body cannot make most vitamins, so we get them from foods. Different foods have different vitamins. That’s why it is important to eat from all of the food groups.
• Vitamin A is for healthy hair, skin, and vision. Vitamin A foods include: milk, carrots, apricots, sweet potatoes, spinach, and broccoli.
• Vitamin B helps us make and use energy from food. We also need it for healthy blood. Vitamin B foods include: whole grains (such as wheat and oats), fish, chicken, lean meats, eggs, milk, yogurt, dark greens, beans, and peas.
• Vitamin C is for healthy teeth, gums, and muscles. It also protects us from infection and helps us heal. Vitamin C foods include: oranges, grapefruits, strawberries, kiwi, cabbage, brussels sprouts, broccoli, peppers, and tomatoes.
• Vitamin D is for strong bones and teeth. It helps the body use minerals such as calcium. Vitamin D foods include: milk, fish, eggs, and some cereals.
• Vitamin E is for healthy blood, eyes, skin, liver, and lungs. Vitamin E foods include: whole grains, leafy green vegetables, nuts, seeds, avocado, peanut butter, and egg yolks.
• Vitamin K helps the blood to clot when we get a cut. Vitamin K foods include: dark green leafy vegetables, milk, yogurt, eggs, and meats.